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科技创新大潮涌——透视2019年度国家科学技术奖
2020-03-01 15:19   来源:  www.yaya-resort.com   评论:0 点击:

科技创新大潮涌——透视2019年度国家科学技术奖这是一年一度的国家科技盛典!1月10日上午,中共中央、国务

  这是一年一度的国家科技盛典!1月10日上午,中共中央、国务院在北京隆重举行国家科学技术奖励大会,习近平等党和国家领导人出席大会并为获奖代表颁奖。

This is the annual National Science and Technology Festival! On the morning of January 10, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council solemnly held a national science and technology award conference in Beijing, where Xi Jinping and other party and state leaders attended and presented awards to award-winning delegates.

  黄旭华、曾庆存两位院士摘得2019年度中国科技界最高荣誉;曾经9度空缺的国家自然科学奖一等奖连续7年产生得主;紧扣经济发展和民生急需,科技创新让生活更加美好……透视2019年度国家科学技术奖,科技创新的大潮更加澎湃,实现建成创新型国家的目标令人信心满怀。

Huang Xuhua and Zeng Qingcun won the highest honors of China's science and technology industry in 2019; the first prize of the National Natural Science Award, which had been vacant for nine times, was awarded for seven consecutive years. Perspective 2019 National Science and Technology Award, the tide of scientific and technological innovation is more surging, to achieve the goal of building an innovative country is full of confidence.

  吴文俊、袁隆平、王选、黄昆……一位又一位科学巨匠的名字闪耀着这份荣誉的榜单。掌声,鼓舞着一项项光照千秋的重大突破;鲜花,掩映着一座座彪炳史册的时代丰碑。

Wu Wenjun, Yuan Longping, Wang Xuan, Huang Kun... The names of one scientific giant after another sparkled with this list of honors. Applause, inspired by a great breakthrough in the light of the ages; flowers, reflected in the history of the times.

  1999年以来,共有33位杰出科学家被授予国家最高科学技术奖,他们以亲身行动阐释了新时代科学家精神的核心内涵,他们的爱国之情、报国之志激励着广大科技工作者奋斗不息、创新不止。

Since 1999, a total of 33 outstanding scientists have been awarded the nation's highest scientific and technological awards, and they have explained the core of the spirit of scientists in the new era with their own actions.

  2019年度国家最高科学技术奖,授予原中国船舶重工集团公司第七一九研究所黄旭华院士和中国科学院大气物理研究所曾庆存院士。

The 2019 National Supreme Science and Technology Award was awarded to Academician Huang Xuhua of the Seventh Institute of the China Shipbuilding Group and Academician Zeng Qingcun of the Institute of Atmospheric Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

  生于1926年,在炮火和动荡中走过少年和青年的黄旭华,立志科学救国。为了祖国的核潜艇事业,他隐姓埋名、以身许国,阔别家乡30载。黄旭华说,一开始参与研制核潜艇,就知道这将是他一辈子的事业。

Born in 1926, Huang Xuhua, who walked through youth and youth in the midst of gunfire and turmoil, is determined to save the country scientifically. For the cause of the motherland's nuclear submarine, he incognito, to allow the country,30 years away from home. Huang said he knew it would be his lifelong career as soon as he took part in the development of a nuclear submarine.

  没有现成的图纸和模型,就一边设计、一边施工;没有计算机计算核心数据,就用算盘和计算尺;为了控制核潜艇的总重和稳性,就用磅秤来称……

There are no ready-made drawings and models designed and constructed on the same side; no computer to calculate the core data, using the abacus and the scale; and to control the total weight and stability of the nuclear submarines, using the scale.

  黄旭华和同事们用最“土”的办法解决了一个个尖端技术问题,使中国成为世界上第五个拥有核潜艇的国家,辽阔海疆从此有了护卫国土的“水下移动长城”。

Huang xuhua and his colleagues solved cutting-edge technical problems in the most \"earthy\" way, making china the fifth country in the world to have a nuclear submarine, and the vast maritime territory has since had the \"underwater moving wall\" to protect the land.

  干惊天动地事,做隐姓埋名人。“当祖国需要我一次把血流光,我就一次流光;当祖国需要我一滴一滴流血的时候,我就一滴一滴地流!”黄旭华说。

Startling, acting as a covert celebrity. \"When the motherland needs me to flow blood, I will flow blood; when the motherland needs me a drop of blood, I will flow!\" said Huang Xuhua.

  曾庆存提出的“半隐式差分法”,是世界上首个用原始方程直接进行实际天气预报的方法,这一算法至今仍是世界数值天气预报核心技术的基础。

The semi-implicit difference method proposed by Zeng Qingcun is the first method in the world to carry out the actual weather forecast directly with the original equation, which is still the basis of the core technology of the world numerical weather forecast.

  2009年,年事已高的曾庆存仍然“金点子”不断,他与其他科学家萌生了建立“地球模拟器”的想法。2018年,国家重大科技基础设施“地球系统数值模拟装置”在北京市怀柔科学城破土动工,将为国家防灾减灾、应对气候变化等重大问题提供科学支撑。

In 2009, mr. tseng, an elderly man, continued to have \"golden ideas \", and he joined other scientists in the idea of creating\" earth simulators \". In 2018, the state's major science and technology infrastructure, the Earth system numerical simulation device, broke ground in Beijing's Huairou Science City, and will provide scientific support for major issues such as national disaster prevention and mitigation and response to climate change.

  曾庆存总是把“国家需要”挂在嘴边、放在心上,他时常用一句话勉励和要求自己:“为人民服务、为真理献身,凭黄牛风格、具赛马精神。”

Mr tsang has always put \"national needs\" on his lips and mind, and he has often used one sentence to encourage and demand himself:\" to serve the people, to die for the truth, to be a ox-style and to have a horse racing spirit.\"

  手性分子是大多数药物的活性成分。这类分子具有两个异构体,如同人的左右手,互成镜像,但不能重叠,因而也具有明显不同的生物活性:一个有药效,另一个则可能对人体造成严重伤害。为精确获取有药效的“那一个”,不对称催化是当下的主流手段,其核心是手性催化剂。

chiral molecules are active components of most drugs. These molecules have two isomers, like the human right hand, mirror each other, but do not overlap, and thus have distinct biological activities: one is effective and the other can cause serious harm to the human body. Asymmetrical catalysis is now the dominant means of obtaining the \"that \"that works, and its core is the chiral catalyst.

  历时20年,南开大学化学学院教授周其林带领团队发现了手性螺环催化剂,一个催化剂分子可以将455万个原料分子转化成目标分子,这是目前最高效的手性催化剂。

For 20 years, zhou qilin, a professor at the school of chemistry at nankai university, led the team to find a chiral spiro-o-cyclic catalyst, a catalyst molecule that converts 4.55 million raw material molecules into target molecules, the most efficient chiral catalyst at present.

  此次科技奖励大会上,周其林团队的这一发现获国家自然科学奖一等奖,曾9度空缺的国家自然科学奖一等奖如今连续7年产生得主,大会还颁发了国家自然科学奖二等奖45项。

At the science and technology awards conference, zhou's team's discovery was awarded the first prize of the national natural science award, the first prize of the national natural science award, which has been vacant for nine times, has now been awarded the second prize of the national natural science award for seven consecutive years.

  基础研究是科技创新的总源头。党的十八大以来,我国通过一系列改革,进一步加强对基础研究的持续稳定支持。从衡量基础研究的重要指标——国际科技论文来看,数量不断增长,多年稳居世界第二位。

Basic research is the general source of scientific and technological innovation. Since the 18th National Congress of the Party, our country has further strengthened its sustained and stable support for basic research through a series of reforms. The number of scientific and technological papers, an important measure of basic research, has grown steadily, ranking second in the world for many years.

  “做好基础研究,赶时髦不行,跟热点也不行,需要‘十年磨一剑、敢坐冷板凳’的精神。”国家自然科学基金委副主任侯增谦院士说,基础研究既要注重科学兴趣驱动下的自由探索,也要聚焦国家重大需求,解决背后的重大基础问题。

“do a good job of basic research, fashion is not good, with the hot spot is not good, need to" ten years of grinding a sword, dare to sit on the bench "spirit. Academician Hou Zengqian, deputy director of the National Natural Science Foundation of China, said that basic research should not only focus on free exploration driven by scientific interest, but also focus on the major needs of the country and solve the major basic problems behind it.

  侯增谦领衔的研究团队经过十余年潜心研究建立的“碰撞性斑岩铜矿成矿理论”,在此次科技奖励大会上摘取国家自然科学奖二等奖,该理论大幅度发展和完善了国际矿床学界的经典斑岩铜矿理论,极大拓宽了全球斑岩铜矿的勘探区域,并被西藏等地系列找铜新突破所证实,为我国铜矿勘探提供了有力的理论支撑。

Hou zengqian led the research team after more than ten years of dedicated research on the \"collision porphyry copper ore-forming theory \", in this science and technology award conference won the national natural science award second prize, this theory has greatly developed and improved the international ore deposit academic classical porphyry copper theory, greatly broadened the global porphyry copper exploration area, and by tibet and other places to find a new breakthrough in copper, for the exploration of copper copper to provide a strong theoretical support.

  更可喜的是,青年科技工作者已成为我国基础研究领域的中流砥柱,成为科技创新队伍中最具活力的生力军。数据显示,2019年度,国家自然科学奖获奖成果完成人平均年龄岁,第一完成人平均年龄岁,分别比2018年下降了2岁和岁,超过60%的完成人年龄不足45岁。

What is more gratifying is that young scientific and technological workers have become the mainstay in the field of basic research in China and the most dynamic new force in the ranks of scientific and technological innovation. The data show that in 2019, the average age of the people who completed the National Natural Science Award, the average age of the first completed person, was 2 years lower than in 2018, and more than 60% of the completed people were under 45.

  今年获奖的成果中,从半导体照明关键技术,到水污染防治、土壤修复等领域的创新成果,再到治疗疑难杂症、护卫“舌尖上的安全”……通过紧扣经济发展和民生急需、把准科技创新的着力点,让技术更加贴近群众、创新真正造福人民。

This year's award-winning results range from key technologies in semiconductor lighting to innovative achievements in water pollution prevention and soil remediation to the treatment of complications and security on the tip of the tongue ”…… By keeping close to economic development and people's livelihood, and focusing on quasi-scientific and technological innovation, we can make technology closer to the masses and truly benefit the people.

  以LED为核心器件的半导体照明,被认为是继白炽灯之后的第二次照明革命,其电光转换效率是荧光灯的5倍、白炽灯的20倍。

Semiconductor lighting with LED as the core device is considered to be the second lighting revolution after incandescent lamps, with an electro-optic conversion efficiency of five times that of fluorescent lamps and 20 times that of incandescent lamps.

  中国科学院半导体研究所李晋闽研究团队经过十余年联合技术创新,率先突破了全链条自主可控的半导体照明关键技术,实现了全球最大规模的LED芯片产业化。

After more than ten years of joint technological innovation, the Li Jinmin research team of the Institute of Semiconductor Research of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has taken the lead in breaking through the key technology of semiconductor lighting with full chain autonomy and controllable, and realizing the world's largest LED chip industrialization.

  “制浆造纸清洁生产与水污染全过程控制关键技术及产业化”项目构建了清洁生产与末端治理相结合的水污染全过程控制新模式;“稻田镉砷污染阻控关键技术与应用”项目为土壤污染防治提供有力技术支撑……

“The key technology and industrialization of the whole process control of clean production and water pollution in pulping and paper making project has constructed a new mode of water pollution whole process control combining clean production and end treatment.

  从污染机制的基础研究到空气质量治理、水污染防治、土壤修复等领域创新成果硕果累累,支撑引领了绿色高质量发展。

From the basic research of pollution mechanism to the innovation achievements in air quality control, water pollution prevention, soil remediation and so on, the support has led to the development of green high quality.

  为治疗系统性红斑狼疮,南京鼓楼医院孙凌云研究团队历时18年,首创异体间充质干细胞(MSC)移植治疗法,确立异体MSC移植治疗自身免疫病优化方案,目前已推广到全国30多家医院应用,为保障人民健康做出突出贡献。

To treat systemic lupus erythematosus, nanjing gulou hospital sun lingyun research team for 18 years, the first allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells (msc) transplantation treatment, the establishment of msc transplantation for the treatment of autoimmune optimal program, has been extended to more than 30 hospitals nationwide, to ensure the health of the people to make outstanding contributions.

  腊肉、火腿、酱牛肉等食品深受人们喜爱,针对传统特色肉食工业化生产中品质稳定性差、有害物控制薄弱等问题,中国肉类食品综合研究中心王守伟研究团队经过12年攻关取得系列技术突破,推动传统特色肉制品向“品质定向调控-安全高效控制-绿色自动化”的加工方式转变。

In view of the poor quality stability and weak control of harmful substances in the traditional characteristic meat industry, Wang Shouwei research team of China Meat Food Comprehensive Research Center has made a series of technical breakthroughs after 12 years to promote the transformation of traditional characteristic meat products to the processing mode of \"quality orientation control-safety and high efficiency control-green automation \".

  创新是中华民族最鲜明的禀赋,是任何时代都不可或缺的精神特质。一个创新的中国,必将在以习近平同志为核心的党中央坚强领导下,发动科技创新的强大引擎,乘风破浪,向着建设世界科技强国的宏伟目标奋勇前进!

Innovation is the most distinct endowment of the Chinese nation and an indispensable spiritual trait of any era. An innovative China, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, will surely launch a powerful engine of scientific and technological innovation and take advantage of the wind and waves to advance courageously towards the grand goal of building a world scientific and technological power!


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